The pipa is a four-stringed, pear-shaped Chinese lute that is played by plucking. Thought to have been introduced to China from Central or South Asia, the pipa is evidence of early cosmopolitanism in China. This is one of the most common Chinese instruments — a two-stringed, bowed fiddle used in solo and orchestral performances.
Musical instrumentany device for producing a musical sound. The principal types of such instruments, classified by the method of producing sound, are percussionstringedkeyboardwindand electronic. Musical instruments are almost universal components of human culture: archaeology has revealed pipes and whistles in the Paleolithic Period and clay drums and shell trumpets in the Neolithic Period.
The particularly noteworthy books within this collection fall into three broad categories:. Studies that focus on the Hindustani and Carnatic classical traditions dominate current scholarship in South Asian music, often at the expense of understanding vernacular practice at more local sites, so the third category arguably contains the most exciting contributions. The CRL collection abounds with several surveys and introductions to South Asian classical traditions. The latter offers a richly illustrated introduction to the history and classes of South Asian folk and classical instruments for nonspecialists.
Stringed instrumentany musical instrument that produces sound by the vibration of stretched stringswhich may be made of vegetable fibre, metal, animal gut, silk, or artificial materials such as plastic or nylon. In nearly all stringed instruments the sound of the vibrating string is amplified by the use of a resonating chamber or soundboard. The string may be struck, plucked, rubbed bowedor, occasionally, blown by the wind ; in each case the effect is to displace the string from its normal position of rest and to cause it to vibrate in complex patterns.
These regional groups speak thousands of different languages practice various religions, and perform thousands of styles of music. Although many of the Southeast Asian countries are trying to build national cultures, regionalism is usually accepted, sometimes celebrated, and occasionally suppressed. Vocal and instrumental music has been central to the religious life of the region from antiquity to the present.
Southeast Asia is comprised of ten countries. Additionally, regional and comparative studies often distinguish between highland and lowland peoples, the diversity of ethnic groupings, and urban and rural populations. Others stress dominant and minority religions, a history of trade, former kingdoms, and European colonization in investigations of musical similarities and differences.
The music of Burma - now officially known as the Union of Myanmar - is close in spirit to those of the Southeast Asian civilizations of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. The Indian influence is less perceptible here than in the nation's mythology and religious beliefs, or than in such other arts as the shadow-theatre and dance-drama. The most complete Burmese instrumental ensemble is the hsaing-waing, which consists basically of a set of from eight to twenty-one drums suspended by leather thongs on a circular rattan frame, and of a circular array of gongs.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can be considered a musical instrument—it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. The history of musical instruments dates to the beginnings of human culture.
Set against a rural backdrop of small, remote villages in northern Laos and Thailand, the Hmong Songs of Memory Ethnographic Film offers an intimate look at Hmong secular and sacred music that propels traditional daily life. Cycles-of-life pieces are performed through song, mouth harp, side-blown flute, folk clarinet, single free reed pipe, and multiple free reed pipes. Sacred chants and ritual percussion instruments unfold during a full shamanic healing ceremony. Translations appear in both the Hmong and English languages.